What is a Migraine?

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Not all in my head—Migraine is not “just a severe headache”

Migraine is a serious, complex condition of the neurologic (nervous) system that can significantly disrupt time with loved ones, education, and careers. The World Health Organization categorizes migraine as one of the most disabling medical illnesses worldwide.

Almost everyone either knows a person who lives with migraine headache or struggles with migraine themselves

MIGRAINE AFFECTS ABOUT

American migraine headache demographics
APPROXIMATELY 1 IN 7 AMERICANS

APPROXIMATELY 1 IN 7 AMERICANS

age 18 and older, an estimated 14% of the US population, suffers from migraine.

Migraine Symptoms

A migraine headache usually includes severe, recurring, throbbing pain on one side of the head. But migraine can also impact both sides of the head. In addition to pain, there are a number of other migraine symptoms that can happen that may vary from attack to attack. While there are some common migraine symptoms, each individual’s experience is different. Migraine Headache Symptoms Migraine symptoms usually last between 4 and 72 hours. If you have frequent migraines, that can mean a lot of your life is tied up with migraine symptoms. The most common migraine symptoms during the headache phase include:

ABOUT 20% of patients with migraine experience a migraine aura before a headache

Migraine auras are sensations that signal a migraine is coming. Migraine auras often include visual symptoms, such as seeing spots or flashing lights. Auras can also produce other sensations, such as tingling in the arms or face, difficulty speaking, and tunnel vision.

my  story is about trying to power through migraine without help

Everyone complains about stress and headaches. I never stopped and thought I needed to get this looked at.

Then a severe migraine attack in front of a customer sent Angie to the emergency room. She was diagnosed with migraine. Her prescriber recommended Trokendi XR (topiramate), a migraine prevention medicine.

Individual results may vary.
Angie

Migraine Prevention Medicine

For patients who suffer from frequent migraine headache, or those that do not respond to acute treatments, migraine prevention medicines can be important.

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IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

Do not take Trokendi XR if you have recently consumed or plan to consume alcohol (i.e., within 6 hours prior to and 6 hours after Trokendi XR use)

Swallow Trokendi XR capsules whole. Do not sprinkle on food, chew, or crush.

What are the possible side effects of Trokendi XR?

Trokendi XR can cause serious side effects, including: Eye problems. Serious eye problems include sudden decrease in vision with or without eye pain or redness, a blockage of fluid that may cause increased pressure in the eye (secondary angle closure glaucoma). Call your healthcare provider right away if you have new eye symptoms, including any new problems with your vision.

Decreased sweating and increased body temperature (fever). People, especially children, should be watched for signs of decreased sweating and fever, especially in hot temperatures. Some people may need to be hospitalized for this condition.

Increased levels of acid in the blood (metabolic acidosis). If left untreated, metabolic acidosis can cause brittle or soft bones (osteoporosis, osteomalacia, osteopenia), kidney stones, can slow the rate of growth in children, and may possibly harm the unborn child of pregnant patients.

High levels of ammonia in the blood. High ammonia in the blood can affect mental activities, slow alertness, cause tiredness, or cause vomiting. Blood ammonia levels have been shown to rise when Trokendi XR is taken with a medicine called valproic acid (e.g., DEPAKENE® and DEPAKOTE®).

Kidney stones. Drink plenty of fluids when taking Trokendi XR to decrease your chances of getting kidney stones.

Low body temperature. Taking Trokendi XR when you are also taking valproic acid may cause a drop in body temperature to less than 95°F, tiredness, confusion, or coma.

Effects on thinking and alertness. Trokendi XR may affect how you think, and can cause confusion and problems with concentration, attention, memory, or speech. Trokendi XR may cause depression or mood problems, tiredness, and sleepiness.

Dizziness or loss of muscle coordination.

The most common side effects include tingling of the arms and legs (paresthesia), not feeling hungry, nausea, weight loss, abnormal vision, a change in the way foods taste, nervousness, speech problems, dizziness, slow reactions, upper respiratory tract infection, sleepiness, diarrhea, pain in abdomen and difficulty with memory. These are not all the possible side effects of Trokendi XR. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist.

Like other antiepileptic drugs, Trokendi XR may cause suicidal thoughts or actions in a very small number of people, about 1 in 500. Before you take Trokendi XR, tell your healthcare provider if you have or have had depression, mood problems, or suicidal thoughts or behavior. Call a healthcare provider right away if you have thoughts about suicide or dying; have attempted to commit suicide; have new or worsening depression or anxiety; feel agitated or restless; experience panic attacks, trouble sleeping (insomnia), or new or worsening irritability; feel or act more aggressive, angry, or violent; act on dangerous impulses; have an extreme increase in activity and talking (mania); or experience other unusual changes in behavior or mood.

Before taking Trokendi XR, tell your healthcare provider about any other medical conditions, including if you have kidney problems, kidney stones, or are getting kidney dialysis; have a history of metabolic acidosis (too much acid in the blood); have liver problems; have weak, brittle or soft bones (osteomalacia, osteoporosis, osteopenia, or decreased bone density); have lung or breathing problems; have eye problems, especially glaucoma; have diarrhea; have a growth problem; are on a diet high in fat and low in carbohydrates, which is called a ketogenic diet; are having surgery; are pregnant or plan to become pregnant; or if you are breastfeeding. Trokendi XR passes into your breast milk. Breastfed babies may be sleepy or have diarrhea. Talk to your healthcare provider about the best way to feed your baby if you take Trokendi XR.

Trokendi XR can harm your unborn baby. If you take Trokendi XR during pregnancy, your baby has a higher risk for the birth defects of cleft lip, cleft palate, and being smaller than expected at birth. These defects can begin early in pregnancy, even before you know you are pregnant. The long term effects of this are unknown.

Tell your healthcare provider about any other medicines you take, including prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Trokendi XR and other medicines may affect each other, causing side effects. Especially tell your healthcare provider if you take valproic acid (e.g., DEPAKENE or DEPAKOTE); any medicines that impair or decrease your thinking, concentration, or muscle coordination; or birth control pills. Trokendi XR may make your birth control pills less effective.

Do not stop Trokendi XR without first talking to a healthcare provider. If you have epilepsy and you stop taking Trokendi XR suddenly, you may have seizures that do not stop. Your healthcare provider will tell you how to stop taking Trokendi XR slowly.

Do not drive a car or operate heavy machinery until you know how Trokendi XR affects you. Trokendi XR can slow your thinking and motor skills, and may affect vision.

INDICATION Trokendi XR® (topiramate) extended-release capsules are used to prevent migraine headaches in adults and adolescents 12 years and older.

Please refer to the full Prescribing Information and Medication Guide for additional important information on Trokendi XR.
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit www.fda.gov/medwatch, or call 1-800-FDA-1088.